Teachings for East and Southeast Asians – Fourth Day
September 7, 2018
Thekchen Chöling, Dharamsala, HP, India – In the final session of this year’s teachings for Buddhists from East and Southeast Asia His Holiness the Dalai Lama sat on a chair in front of the throne in the Tsuglagkhang and invited the audience to put questions to him.
He began by explaining that the real meaning of the Dharma is warm-heartedness.
“If you can, serve others, but at least avoid doing them harm. That’s possible whatever your occupation. It’s important to make your Dharma practice part of your daily life. It’s not about just closing your eyes and remaining in isolation. There’s nothing wrong with making money; it’s something we need. And there are many people who are both poor and lack an education who you can help. So, try to be warm-hearted, honest and truthful, while helping others as much as you can.
“To maintain energy in your practice you have to remind yourself that it’s up to you. The Buddha made clear that the Enlightened Ones don’t wash unwholesome deeds away with water, nor do they remove the sufferings of beings with their hands, neither do they transplant their own realization into others. It is through teaching the truth of suchness that they help beings find freedom. The key is to transform your own mind and emotions. Of course, if you believe in God, you can pray to him, but the Buddha made his followers responsible for bringing about change in themselves.”
His Holiness told someone who wanted to know how you could be of great help to others if you just stay in one place that among her acquaintances there are probably some people who make her uncomfortable.
“Remind yourself that like you they also want to be happy. Then you’ll be more inclined to be more compassionate towards them. By such means you can extend a positive concern to all 7 billion human beings alive today and eventually to all the sentient beings in the universe.
“Let me give you an example. On 10th March 2008, the day Tibetans commemorate the Lhasa Uprising of 1959, I received a message that Tibetans in Lhasa and other parts of Tibet were going to hold demonstrations. I was filled with misapprehension that this would lead to a harsh response. I feared demonstrations would be suppressed, resulting in more suffering.
“On my part I visualized the Chinese officials in charge and reflected that they too wanted happiness not suffering, but due to anger and ignorance they were likely to respond harshly to any demonstrations. I imagined taking away their anger, hatred and ignorance and giving them peace and happiness. Of course, this made no difference to the actual situation on the ground, but it restored my peace of mind. So, just as I did on that occasion, it’s helpful to remember that even trouble-makers are human like us.”
Another questioner explained that in the face of disturbing news there’s a tendency to look the other way to maintain your peace of mind. She wanted to know what else you could do. His Holiness agreed that reports of suffering are upsetting, but that it’s a mistake to think you can do nothing about it. Many of the problems we face are of our own making. Since we are social animals who need friends, His Holiness remarked, the least we can do is to smile and respond to others warm-heartedly—even that will make a difference.
“Modern education is oriented towards material goals, so from infancy children grow up seeking sensual gratification and the fulfilment of material aspirations,” His Holiness noted, “but they don’t know how to achieve peace of mind. Ancient India saw the development of an effective understanding of the workings of the mind, derived from the practices for developing a calmly abiding mind and penetrative insight (shamatha and vipashyana) that remains acutely relevant today.
“I have great respect for the Judeo-Christian traditions in which so much depends on God the creator to whom you direct your prayers, but here in India there developed several different traditions, including Buddhism, according to which what happens depends on what we do. Therefore, we have to take responsibility for tackling our own destructive emotions. We have to train and transform our own minds.
“We all know people who tend to be angry, but even they are not angry all the time because anger is not actually part of our minds. If it were, there’d be little we could do. Anger is often closely related to attachment and both anger and attachment arise because of ignorance and distorted views. We can uproot them by using our human intelligence. From a wider perspective educationists agree that we have to start work now to bring up a new generation with a fresh point of view and secular, human values.
“I tell my Indian friends that in the past Indians were the gurus and Tibetans were the disciples or chelas. However, we have proved to be reliable and have kept alive the knowledge we received. Partly as a result of an education system imposed by the British, Indians have neglected this store of knowledge. That’s why I am encouraging a revival of these traditions in the country today. The ideal result would be a combination of modern education with ancient Indian knowledge. Earlier this year I met with 150 Vice-Chancellors of Indian Universities who showed genuine interest in this idea.
“If we succeed in restoring interest in ancient knowledge of the workings of the mind and emotions here in India, the next target could be China, a traditionally Buddhist country. When Xuanzang came to India, he studied at Nalanda. Today, many Chinese feel close to Buddhism, in fact a Beijing university a few years ago estimated there were 300 million Buddhists in China, since when I’ve heard the number has grown. Efforts to eliminate corruption in China would be more productive if people were simply more honest and disciplined.
“If the 2.5 billion people of India and China were influenced by a combination of modern education and ancient learning they would affect the whole world for the better. But this is to look into a future I won’t live to see. Nevertheless, I believe it’s important to try. Since the use of force is both out of date and ineffective we should aim for a demilitarized world. Weapons are designed to maim and kill, they don’t lead to constructive solutions. We have to learn to solve our conflicts and problems properly through talk and engaging in dialogue.”
A Korean nun asked His Holiness to speak more about ultimate bodhichitta. He replied that if you are interested, you have to study. You have to pay attention to what Nagarjuna has written:
There does not exist anything
That is not dependently arisen.
Therefore, there does not exist anything
That is not empty.
Through the elimination of karma and mental afflictions there is liberation;
Karma and mental afflictions come from conceptual thoughts;
These come from mental fabrication;
Fabrication ceases through emptiness.
“I first began to develop an interest in emptiness when I was about 14 or 15 years old and engaged in rigorous study. However, I only gained some experience of understanding it when I was about 30. Cultivating altruism and a thorough understanding of emptiness are my main practices. Fulfilling them requires study, reflection and meditation. I bear the name of the Dalai Lama, but whatever insight I have achieved is the result of my own efforts. Therefore, my blessing to you is to encourage you to study, study, study.”
To conclude this session, as well as this year’s series of teachings for East and Southeast Asians, His Holiness continued to sit for some time posing for photographs with members of the audience in their various groups. He then returned to his residence. On Monday he will leave Dharamsala for a visit to Europe that will include events in Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland.